Swimming & Injury
Before proceeding towards the methodological approach to be back into the pool for competitions after an injury, let’s have a comprehensive study of types of injury and physiological steps involved after a swimming injury.
Injuries are unavoidable if you are an agile swimmer. An injured swimmer must have knowledge related to the steps and precautions to be taken for a speedy recovery, so as to minimize his/her time-period away from the pool. Swimmers are usually more prone to shoulder’s injury. About 80% amidst swimmers are sufferers of Shoulder’s Syndrome. In this article, the site of injury is not of major concern, but the types of injury and the physiological processes involved after an injury are.
Types of Swimming Injuries
The big injuries, which happen due to single traumatic forceful event, like – strains, sprains, Ligaments tears, dislocations, fractures, bruises and others, are the macrotraumas, swimmers generally agonize over.
Microtrauma injuries include the injuries resulting from frequent and repeated use of muscles, ligaments, joints, tendons and bones. These are usually persistent, long-term, overuse injuries, like – stress fractures, tendinitis, etc.
Swimmers, Beware of Microtraumatic Injuries!
Beginning with soreness or slight inflammation, the microtraumas, due to negligence and carelessness, may develop into macrotraumas. Your Physiotherapist should be able to diagnose such microtraumas and help you to execute your swimming techniques in such a way that they don’t intensify to become macrotraumas.
Physiological Process Involved After an Injury
Though the treatment of swimming injuries so as to be back to pools, usually includes - staying away from the pool, rehabilitation, medications and sometimes even surgery. But, the human body, after an injury, itself goes through a series of steps to recover, every step taking its own specific time, according to type and severity of injury. The various physiological processes involved after an injury, one after the other, are discussed below:
As soon as you are injured, it results in reddening, swelling, throbbing and radiating heat from the injured part. Inflammation is accompanied by persistent pain along with loss of function of the injured part. The time period for which, the inflammation persists, is usually from few weeks to few months. Injured swimmers usually take anti-inflammatory medication – NSAIDS, to do away with inflammation. But, for long-term regain of strength, don’t take too much of them.
The self-mechanism of our body to repair the injured part commences within few hours of injury. Swimmers are advised to take complete rest and balanced diet with more of proteins and vitamins to repair their injured part.
To gain back the normal state of the body, i.e. to a pre-injury condition, is referred as re-modelling. The body re-gains the original strength and function, but, at the same time, more prone to re-injury during this period. Complete care is the need of the hour.
To summarise, the steps to recover from an injury includes resolution of pain and inflammation, restoration of mobility and strength, short duration training and resumption of swimming.
Know more about The Successive Perspectives of a Shoulder Injury