Scientific Approach to Compete Swimming After an Injury - Part-IV

As discussed about injuries, there are differences in the views of the health professionals and the coaches. While the former opine to keep an injured swimmer away from the pool, the latter feels the need to keep the injured swimmer without missing any time in water. Though, the common objective is to regain the perfect health of the swimmer for perfect and fast swimming.

In this article, we’ll try to clarify the guidelines that need to be implemented to assure a perfect recovery and, that too, with the keeping up of the feel and strength inside water.

Health professionals and coaches should know the safe way to return a swimmer back into the pool after monitoring the pain level of the swimmer, along with the maintenance of continual and gentle swimming pressure on the swimmer, to know about his/her status of improvement.

Some of the know-hows to quicken recovery along with maintenance of water feel are discussed below:

Proper technique: The most significant method for prevention of re-injury is implementation of perfect technique. This technique should least stress the shoulders, whether it’s the shoulder joints or the shoulder muscles.

The various bio-mechanical reasons responsible for shoulder pain along with their rectification for improvement in recovery are given below:

  1. Crossing Over: At the point of commencing the catch, the arms crosses over the body and narrows the spacing on the anterior shoulder, which has supraspinatus and anterior rotator cuff muscles, thus putting a pressure on them and aggravating the injury.
    • Correction: To ensure a stable base for performing shoulder movement, try to attain a compact posture by pushing down and withdrawing the shoulder.
  2. Entry of the thumb first: Entry of the thumb first, instead of whole hand, will reduce the drag, as the hand makes its entry into the water through a little point. But, at the same time, some swimmers internally rotate the shoulders to achieve this. This pressurizes the shoulders, which may lead to re-injury.
    • Correction: Your hands and forearms should rotate such that the palms face down. This is difficult to implement, but practising of drills outside the pool will make a positive difference.
  3. Head-Up: Neck as well as shoulder muscles are too much stressed when a swimmer uplifts his/her head.
    • Correction: Practice drills to align a swimmer’s hair line just below the water line, will be beneficial in this regard.
  4. Looking back while breathing / Armpit Breathing: Late breathing and looking back while breathing stretch the shoulder muscles and leads to injury.
    • Correction: Before the entry of left arm into the water, a swimmer needs to breathe to his/her right and vice-versa.
  5. Return to swimming to maintain the feel and the strength of the water: You need to have 3/10 pain symptoms for a safer return to swimming, so that re-injury is also prevented. In case, more symptoms are there, it’s good to stay away from water. If there is no improvement, you need to consult a new rehabilitative specialist.
    • Correction: First thing of importance is to attain 3/10 pain symptoms. After that, start kicking arms sideways or aligned with the fins. This aids you to stay inside water and re-develop the feel of the water.

Learn More on Types of Swimming Injuries

Know More About The Successive Perspectives of a Shoulder Injury

Learn How to Overcome Pessimistic Feel in Water Due to Injury

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